To diagnose testicular cancer, your doctor will perform a complete physical examination. He may also require a blood test, X-ray of the kidneys and ureter (intravenous pyelogram), a CT scan or ultrasound, and a bone scan.
Testicular cancer is overwhelmingly curable if detected early. The first step of treatment is to remove the cancerous testicle and surrounding tubes in a procedure called radical orchiectomy. If only one testicle is affected, sexual and reproductive function will not be affected.
For most patients, chemotherapy and radiation therapy will follow surgery, depending on the size and stage of the tumor.
Approximately 10 percent of men with testicular cancer will experience a recurrence of it within two years of therapy. At this point, the cancer is still highly treatable when detected early.